English KS4 Vocab
Romeo and Juliet
Showing or feeling active opposition or hostility towards someone or something
Power and influence over others
A system of society or governments in which father or eldest male is head of the family
Sudden or unpredictable changes of mood or mind
Having qualities or an appearance traditionally associated with women or girls
(Of a person’s future) regarded as developing as though according to a pre-existing plan
Showing defiance (a defiant gesture)
Unruly – one’s own way
Seeking to harm someone in return for a perceived injury
Appearing forced or overly controlled, restricted
Conducive to or characterised by the expression of love. An idealised view of reality
To confirm to authority or will of others
Quality of being loyal, support, faithful
A Christmas Carol
Very unwilling to spend money or use resources, miserly
Having or showing an extreme greed for wealth or material gain
Having or showing a great desire to possess something belonging to someone else
Far away from other places, buildings or people, remote
Having or showing a dislike of other people, unsociable
Seeking to promote, welfare of others, generous, charitable
Exposed to possibility of being harmed physically, emotionally, risk of abuse, neglect
A mood of gloom or depression – gloomy, glum
Mystery, horror and gloom
Ready to conform to authority or will of others, compliant
Assistance of those in need, judge others leniently
An Inspector Calls
Having or showing a dislike or distrust, bigoted, biased
Not showing or expressing sympathy, uncaring, unconcerned
Making use of a situation or treating others unfairly in order to gain/benefit
Excessively proud of oneself, vain
Attitude of patronising superiority
Excessively concerned with material possessions – money-oriented
Lacking knowledge, rude, impolite
Stubbornly refusing to change opinion/action, headstrong
Treat as a child, in a way that denies their maturity
Treated cruelly or prevented from having some opportunities/freedom
Childishly sulky or bad-tempered
Able to be trusted as being accurate or true, reliable, dependable
Comparing something using like or as. He was as fast as a cheetah.
Saying something is something else; a direct comparison, not meant literally. i.e. He was a cheetah on the racetrack
Metaphor exactly the same as a normal metaphor, but you’ll see the same idea repeating over multiple sentences, lines, paragraphs (or stanzas). Think: You’re a lion. When you speak, you roar. You’re the king of the jungle, the bravest of the beasts.
Personification (or Anthropomorphism)
Applying human characteristics to objects, Gods or things. i.e. the angry sea. (Zoomorphism is when you give humans (or other things!) animal features, i.e. he growled with wolfish hunger).
When human characteristics are applied to things (often found in nature), i.e. the “angry sky” or “the wind whispered through the trees”. Usually done to set the tone or reflect the mood of characters.
When the first letter of a word is repeated more than once. Alice always alliterates.
Repeating vowel sounds (not necessarily rhyming though) – the house is out-rowed with the louts and crows
A short story from personal experience. Like that time, you missed the bus, got soaked in the rain, then had to cycle all the way to school. You know?
Something contrary to what you might expect. Alanis Morissette knows it (or not, as the case may be).
Words that sound like what they are. Bang, clap, thud….etc.
A repeated ‘s’ sound – either at the start, or in the middle of words (N.B. ‘c’ can sometimes sound like an s!)
Language informal or slang words and phrases (i.e. just how you’d speak everyday!). Think wanna rather than “want to”.