English KS3 Vocab
Year 7 – Autumn term Main (The Hobbit)
Interested in learning about people or things around you.
Feeling worried about something that you are going to do or that is going to happen.
Very careful and with great attention to every detail.
Willing to try new or difficult things.
Belonging or relating to the home, house or family.
Making you feel frightened or nervous.
To make someone extremely angry.
Confused and uncertain.
Able to be easily physically, emotionally, or mentally hurt, influenced, or attacked.
Suggesting that something unpleasant is likely to happen.
Making you believe something that is not true.
Thinking about something or someone, or doing something, too much or all the time.
Causing, or able to cause, damage.
Having or showing an excessive desire to possess, control, or dominate.
A long search for something that is difficult to find, or an attempt to achieve something difficult.
Year 7 – Autumn term Enrichment (Chaucer)
Being admirably brave or determined
Someone guilty of wicked, sinful or criminal behaviour
Courteous, gallant and respectful. Often used to describe a man’s behaviour towards a woman
Held in high regard and deserving of respect.
Respectful and gallant, especially towards women (typically used of a man or his behaviour)
Relating to a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing.
Wicked and immoral; committing or characterised by the committing of sins/highly reprehensible. – disgraceful, shameful, criminal
Having or showing a willingness to act dishonestly in return for money or personal gain.
The position held in society
A system in which members of an organization or society are ranked according to relative status or authority
Someone who undertakes a journey for religious reasons
A journey made to a place of religious importance
Love, loyalty, or enthusiasm for a person or activity. Religious worship or observance
Giving up something valued for the sake of something more important or worthy
How someone or something is presented
Year 7 – Spring term Main (Frankenstein)
Unconcerned about the consequences of actions. Being careless.
A strong desire to achieve; for instance, achieving success, power, wealth or a specific goal.
If you describe someone or their behaviour as immoral, you believe that their behaviour is morally wrong. Immoral behaviour is not conforming to accepted standards.
Unpleasantly proud and behaving as if you are more important than, or know more than, other people.
Having or showing a lack of experience, judgement, or information.
Frightful, hideous and shocking.
Not using reason or clear thinking.
The quality of not having much experience of life and not knowing about the bad things that happen in life.
The feeling that you have when you are in such a bad situation that you are willing to take risks in order to change it.
If you describe a person or their behaviour as animalistic, you mean that they do not try to hide or control their basic feelings and physical needs – they are behaving like an animal.
To mix with and join society or a group of people, often changing to suit their way of life, habits, and customs.
The situation of being alone without other people.
Feeling sad and guilty.
Unhappy and with no hope or enthusiasm.
Expressing a strong wish to punish someone who has harmed you or your family or friends.
Year 7 – Spring term Enrichment (Myths and Legends)
A traditional story, especially one concerning the early history of a people or explaining a natural or social phenomenon, and typically involving supernatural beings or events.
A traditional story sometimes popularly regarded as historical but not authenticated.
A supernatural story incorporating elements of myth and legend.
An expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference.
The desire to do something, especially something wrong or unwise.
An act or statement which misleads or hides the truth
A strong desire to know or learn something.
Excessive pride or self-confidence.
A cruel and oppressive ruler.
A particular attitude towards or way of regarding something; a point of view.
Inflict harm in return for (an injury or wrong done to oneself or another).
More than is necessary, normal, or desirable; immoderate.
The development of events outside a person’s control, regarded as predetermined by a supernatural power.
A long journey to find something.
Year 7 Summer term (Shakespearean comedy)
Shakespeare is often called this – it is now a title bestowed upon someone who is a masterful poet.
The restoration of friendly relations.
The action of moving or being moved apart.
In a state of complete confusion and disorder.
The action of solving a problem.
An act or statement which misleads or hides the truth.
Belonging by rank, title, or birth to the aristocracy.
A form of drama based on human suffering.
A feeling of reassurance and relaxation following release from distress.
Subject to magical influence and or filled with charm.
Strong infatuation with someone.
To describe someone/something in a particular way.
To make indirect reference to something else.
To show great respect to someone or something.
To bring shame or disgrace to someone or something.
Year 7 Summer term (Man Vs Nature)
A feeling of pensive (thoughtful) sadness without really knowing why.
Doing something as an impulse/instantly without planning.
Of very great excellence or beauty.
To be incompatible or at variance; clash
What we associate with an idea or a word.
Adding notes to a text, giving specific explanations or comments.
Not having much experience of life.
Of or according to the rules of logic or formal argument.
A speech presented by a single character, most often to express their thoughts aloud
A society in chaos and without law and order.
Year 8 Autumn term Main (Noughts and Crosses)
Open to more than one interpretation; not having one obvious meaning. Not clear or decided.
i) Sudden and unexpected. ii) Brief to the point of rudeness.
Continuing in a severe or extreme way.
To treat someone in an intentionally unfair way, often because of their race, sex or beliefs.
Making someone feel uncertain and uncomfortable, or worried.
An unsettling feeling of nervousness and apprehension before or during an important or difficult event.
The act of keeping one group of people apart from another and treating them differently, especially because of race, sex, or religion.
Lack of knowledge, understanding, or information about something.
Showing an unreasonable dislike for something or someone.
Treating a person or particular group of people differently, especially in a worse way from the way in which you treat other people, because of their skin colour, sex or sexuality.
Equality – the right of different groups of people to have a similar social position and receive the same treatment.
Justice – fairness in the way people are dealt with.
If a group of people are rebellious, they oppose the ideas of the people in authority and plan to change the system, often using force.
The ability to share someone else’s feelings or experiences by imagining what it would be like to be in that person’s situation.
The act of hurting someone or doing something harmful to someone because they have done or said something harmful to you.
Year 8 Autumn term Enrichment (Dystopian)
An imagined state or society in which there is great suffering or injustice.
An imagined place or state of things in which everything is perfect.
Unpleasantly sharp, pungent, or bitter to the taste or smell.
In a very poor condition as a result of disuse and neglect.
Governed in an unfair and cruel way and prevented from having opportunities and freedom.
Showing or describing the total destruction and end of the world, or extremely bad future events.
Illegal, bad, or dishonest behaviour, especially by people in positions of power.
Of or being a political system in which those in power have complete control and do not allow people freedom to oppose them.
A particular way of considering and seeing something.
A person or group of people with less power or opportunities than the rest of society.
The quality of being more important, strong, or successful than anything else of the same type.
Used to describe something that causes great, and sometimes unfriendly disagreement, within a group of people.
In a state of complete confusion and disorder.
Not changing and therefore boring.
Behaviour that follows the usual standards that are expected by a group or society.
Year 8 Spring term Main (Macbeth)
A strong desire to do or achieve something.
Having power and influence over others.
Influencing, or attempting to influence, the behaviour or emotions of others for one’s own purposes.
Qualities or attributes typically linked with men.
Qualities or attributes typically linked with women.
To deny a man his male role or identity.
Having or showing fine personal qualities or high moral principles.
A person who kills or takes part in killing a king.
The crime of betraying one’s country, especially by attempting to kill or overthrow the sovereign or government.
Not easily convinced; having doubts or reservations.
Giving the impression that something harmful or evil is happening or will happen.
A prediction of what will happen in the future.
Being above or beyond what is natural.
Year 8 Spring term Enrichment (Gothic)
The state of being caught in or as in a trap
Anxious or fearful that something bad or unpleasant will happen
(Of a building or object) in a state of disrepair or ruin as a result of age or neglect
Comically or repulsively ugly or distorted
Having an appearance that is spoiled/ugly
Make someone feel uneasy or anxious
Dry and shrivelled (of a plant) Shrunken or wrinkled from age or disease (of a body)
Severe mental or physical pain or suffering:
Experiencing or inducing feelings of isolation or estrangement
Something/someone that seems evil or harmful
You describe someone as wretched when you feel sorry for them because they are in an unpleasant situation or have suffered unpleasant experiences that have caused them physical or emotional harm
Extreme or irrational fear of confined places
- the state of being unknown, inconspicuous, or unimportant.
- a thing that is unclear or difficult to understand
Someone/something that is mysterious or difficult to understand
(Of a place) situated far from the main centres of population; distant
Year 8 Summer Term Main (Poetry)
To not give enough care or attention to someone or something that is your responsibility.
Showing or feeling that there is no hope and that you can do nothing to improve a difficult or worrying situation.
Feeling that you have no connection with the people around you or that you are not part of a group.
The qualities that make a person or thing different from others.
To form opinion too quickly especially in a negative or disapproving way of someone or something.
To become aware or conscious of (something) or to interpret (someone or something) in a particular way.
Something or someone that causes great mental or physical suffering and unhappiness.
Intended to teach people a moral lesson.
Typical of or the same as others in a group of people or things.
To behave according to the expected behaviour of a group or of society.
Something that you can use if you do not want to use another one or Things that are considered to be unusual and often have a small but enthusiastic group of people who support them.
Following the accepted and ordinary ways of doing something.
Doing something different from the way people normally do something.
A person who has no place in their society or in a particular group, because the society or group refuses to accept them.
The fact that someone is not guilty of a crime or the quality of not having much experience of life and not knowing about the bad things that happen in life.
Year 8 Summer Term (Dickens)
Formal and dignified
Lack of fairness
The state of being superior, better than someone else
Wanting something that someone else has
An extreme greed for wealth
Something left over when everything needed has been taken
Not considering something
Not connected or relevant to something
Unable to stand something
Dull, tedious, repetitive
Lacking interest or excitement
A wish to do evil to others
Using underhand tactics to achieve goals
Year 9 Autumn term (Ruby in the Smoke)
To undermine the power and authority of (an established system or institution).
Arousing one’s curiosity or interest; fascinating.
Causing one to feel unsettled.
Extremely dirty and unpleasant, especially as a result of poverty or neglect.
Showing a willingness to take surprisingly bold risks.
Causing a feeling of confusion.
Set (someone) free from imprisonment, slavery, or oppression.
Give (someone) greater knowledge and understanding about a subject or situation.
Cause (someone) to lose their freedom of choice or action.
Not conforming to accepted standards of right or wrong behaviour.
Where groups of people do not receive the same treatment as other groups of a similar social position.
A surprising and previously unknown fact that has been disclosed to others.
The action of showing something to be right or reasonable.
The action of hurting or harming someone in return for an injury or wrong suffered at their hands.
Make use of (a situation) in a way considered unfair or underhand.
Year 9 Autumn term Enrichment (Crime and Detective genre)
Eager to know or learn something.
Anxious or fearful that something bad or unpleasant will happen.
Having high principles for proper way to behave and having a strong sense of what is right or wrong.
Person responsible for a crime or misdeed.
A state or feeling of excited or anxious uncertainty about what may happen.
The presentation of stories in a way that is intended to provoke public interest or excitement, at the expense of accuracy.
Something that is difficult or impossible to understand or explain.
Arouse the curiosity or interest of; fascinate.
Showing great attention to detail; very careful and precise.
Being open to more than one interpretation.
A state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty.
A reason for doing something.
Mental or emotional strain.
Causing repulsion or horror; grisly.
Year 9 Spring term (Of Mice and Men and A Raisin in the Sun)
A system in which people or things are put at various levels or ranks according to their importance.
To treat someone or something as if they are not important.
Set apart or separated from others.
To single (someone) out for cruel or unjust treatment.
Authoritative Commanding and self-confident.
Derogatory Showing a critical or disrespectful attitude.
Inferior Lower in rank, status, or quality.
Inevitable Certain to happen; unavoidable.
Fragility The quality of being easily broken or damaged.
Patriarchy A male dominated society/arrangement where men hold power.
Year 9 Spring term (Diversity)
The quality or fact of being different.
Treat (a person, group, or concept) as insignificant or peripheral.
Set apart from the rest or from each other; isolate or divide
Set apart from others or quarantine
Exclude from a society or group
The unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people, especially on the grounds of ethnicity, age, sex, or disability.
(A person) in need of special care, support, or protection because of age, disability, or risk of abuse or neglect:
A state of depersonalization or loss of identity
Evaluation of other cultures according to one’s own culture.
Style or traits considered characteristic of a
Power and influence over others:
A primitive, less advanced ethos or attitude
Year 9 Summer term (Romeo and Juliet)
A long and bitter dispute.
Suddenly and without prior thought.
Likely to change suddenly or unexpectedly.
Showing a lack of experience, wisdom, or judgement.
Characteristic of a mother or motherhood – motherly.
Hostile and aggressive.
Doing, or willing to do, what you have been told to do by someone in authority:
Displaying intense emotion or strong feeling.
Doing everything that is expected of you.
A very powerful feeling of wanting something.
Believing that very good things can be achieved, even when this seems unlikely.
Cruel and unjust power or control.
High respect; great esteem.
Expressing feelings of deep sadness and serious thought.
To send someone away from their own country or home.
Year 9 Summer term (Communication)
A picture, description, or imitation of a person in which certain striking characteristics are exaggerated in order to create a comic or grotesque effect.
A widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing.
A combination of statements, ideas, or features which are opposed to one another.
Inclination or prejudice for or against one person or group, especially in a way considered to be unfair.
The action of manipulating someone in a clever or unscrupulous way.
Expressing communications that express a specific opinion on current events or political processes or that disseminate information relevant to the interpretation of those events or processes.
Encouraging someone to do or believe something through reasoning or the use of temptation.
Forming a united whole: logical and clear
Cohesion concerns the flow of sentences and paragraphs from one to another. It involves the tying together of old information and new.